Three years back, I bought my laptop with specs i7 3rd Generation, 8 GB RAM and 2 GB graphics. I used windows 8 (pre-installed) for 4 months and then updated it to 8.1, used it for another more than a year before updating to Windows 10, which could last only for 6 months before it stopped working – I don’t know why.
Later, I installed Ubuntu in dual-boot but while trying to configure boot loader, Windows got corrupt and I had to remove it. I am using Ubuntu for more than 6 months now, observing that it helped making me more productive, my laptop cooler – no overheat at all.
Most useful Ubuntu apps
Doing most of the tasks through command line is a fun beyond words. I haven’t given a single thought to anti-virus thing while working on Linux.
So, After completing Things to Do After Installing Ubuntu, you should look into following apps.
Mozilla Firefox: Firefox is the most safe browser and best for privacy. Also, Customizing Firefox is very simple yet robust. With add-ons and themes, the freedom called Firefox is something every power user loves. Hence, Firefox is a must have application for any system.
Google Chrome: I moved to Google Chrome as my default browser after Firefox slowed down in recent releases. It hangs a lot and extensions make it even slower.
Moreover, Chrome keeps my all history and settings synced which is one of the most important feature. Of course, Chrome’s open source brother Chromium is available as an alternative but some extra features like PDF Viewer, Flash plugin and media codecs added by Google into Chrome are very useful.
Opera: Opera is a light and fast web browser. More popular as Opera Mini for smartphones, Opera is a good alternative if you don’t like Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome. Also there are no Internet Explorer or Apple Safari here.
VLC Media Player: VLC is to media players what Chrome is to Browsers. A free and open source player that plays almost all multimedia files as well as DVD, Audio CD, VCD, and various streaming protocols.
Additionally, VLC media player provides many features, effects and filters that are not available in Fedora’s default video player. In fact, default player does nothing except playing your file as is.
Minitube: Minitube is a freemium YouTube desktop application for Windows and Mac. For Linux you can download and donate. Minitube plays HD videos up to 1080p.
youtube-dl is a Python based small command-line tool that allows to download videos from YouTube. Install it by running following commands:
sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
OpenShot Video Editor: The most popular video creator and editor on Ubuntu is a must have Ubuntu 16 app for people who love editing and creating videos. Allows you to create and edit videos and movies using many popular video, audio, and image formats for YouTube, Flickr, Vimeo, Metacafe etc.
GIMP: GIMP is an acronym for GNU Image Manipulation Program and a well known must have Ubuntu 16 app for photo editing. GIMP is a freely distributed program for such tasks as photo retouching, image composition and image authoring and an alternative for Photoshop on Linux.
It has many capabilities. It can be used as a simple paint program, an expert quality photo retouching program, an online batch processing system, a mass production image renderer, an image format converter etc.
Additionally, Like Photoshop, GIMP is expandable and extensible. It is designed to be augmented with plug-ins and extensions to do just about anything. Moreover, The advanced scripting interface allows everything from the simplest task to the most complex image manipulation rules to be easily scripted.
Darktable: Darktable is a very useful free and open source photography workflow application and RAW developer. A virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers.
Moreover, It manages your digital negatives in a database, lets you view them through a zoomable lighttable and enables you to develop raw images and enhance them. Hence, Darktable is alternative for Adobe Lightroom on Linux.
Digikam: digiKam is an advanced digital photo management application. It is written in C++ using KDE platform. The photos are organized in albums which can be sorted chronologically, by folder layout or by custom collections. Also, for all great reasons digiKam has been awarded the TUX 2005, 2008, and 2010 Readers’ Choice Award in the category Favorite Digital Photo Management Tool.
Inkscape: Inkscape is an open-source vector graphics editor similar to Adobe Illustrator, Corel Draw, Freehand, or Xara X. What sets Inkscape apart is its use of Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), an open XML-based W3C standard, as the native format. Inkscape is a must have Ubuntu 16 app for graphic designers.
Also, All Inkscape projects may be exported in formats friendly to web browsers or commercial printer rooms. It is cross-platform, which means it is easy to run on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux distributions.
Blender: Blender is a free and open source 3D animation suite. It supports the entirety of the 3D pipeline—modeling, rigging, animation, simulation, rendering, compositing and motion tracking, even video editing and game creation. Moreover, advanced users use Blender’s API for Python scripting to customize the application and write specialized tools; often these are included in Blender’s future releases.
Emacs: GNU Emacs is an extensible, customizable text editor. At its core is an interpreter for Emacs Lisp, a dialect of the Lisp programming language with extensions to support text editing. Emacs became, along with vi, one of the two main contenders in the traditional editor wars of Unix culture.
Sublime text: Sublime Text is a advanced text editor for code, markup and prose. You’ll love the slick user interface, extraordinary features and amazing performance. Additionally, Sublime Text has a powerful, Python based plugin API. Along with the API, it comes with a built-in Python console to interactively experiment in real-time.
Eclipse: Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) written in Java. It has a base workspace and an extensible plug-in system for customizing the environment.
Filezilla: FileZilla is an open source FTP solution distributed free of charge under the terms of the GNU General Public License. FileZilla Client is a fast and reliable cross-platform FTP, FTPS and SFTP client with lots of useful features and an intuitive graphical user interface.
Deluge: Deluge is a free software, open source and cross-platform BitTorrent client written with Python and GTK+. It is lightweight and most feature rich BitTorrent client for Linux and its functioning can be expanded using plugins.
Dropbox: Since there are no OneDrive integration with Linux as in Windows 8, Dropbox can be used for cloud storage from desktop. Put your stuff in Dropbox and get to it from your computers, phones, or tablets. The Dropbox daemon works fine on all 32-bit and 64-bit Linux servers.
Adobe Flash Plugin: If you’re not using Google Chrome, instead prefer Firefox or Chromium, you need this. Adobe Flash Player is a lightweight browser plug-in and rich Internet application runtime that is used for audio/video playback, gameplay etc.
Icedtea Web Plugin: The IcedTea-Web project provides a Free Software web browser plugin running applets written in the Java programming language and an implementation of Java Web Start, originally based on the NetX project. Also, The FSF recommends all Java programmers use IcedTea as their development environment.
UnRar: UnRar is RAR extraction utility used for extracting files from RAR archives. RAR archives are usually created with WinRAR, primarily in a Windows environment.
Steam: Steam is digital game store for Windows, Mac and Linux platforms with forums, update client and store code redemption. It is used to distribute games and related media online.
WineHQ: Wine is used to run windows applications on Linux. It is a compatibility layer capable of running Windows applications on Linux, Mac OSX, & BSD.
PlayOnLinux: PlayOnLinux is a piece of software which allows you to easily install and use many games and apps designed to run with Microsoft Windows.
Skype: Use Skype for making free calls over the internet. It’s available for download for various distros. However, you should consider googling for any efficient tutorials as it is available for many old distributions.